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A New Way Found to Make Salty Food Healthier

Want a low salt diet but no compromise with the taste? Researchers at Washington State University have found a new way that can make your food taste salty but with less sodium chloride which is linked to poor health.

The following study was published in the ‘Journal of Food & Science’.

“It’s a stealth approach, not like buying the ‘reduced salt’ option, which people generally don’t like. If we can stair-step people down, then we increase health while still making food that people want to eat,” said Carolyn Ross.

The researchers took into account, salt blends that use less sodium chloride but includes other salts like calcium chloride and potassium chloride. Calcium and Potassium Chloride do not have those adverse effects on health. Potassium can help reduce blood pressure. Although, they aren’t that great in taste.

“Potassium chloride, especially, tastes really bitter and people really don’t like it,” Ross said.

The research had an electronic tongue to check how much of the substitute salts could be added for sodium chloride before people object of the food being non-tasty.

Using the e-tongue and panels, they found a blend of approximately 96.4% sodium chloride with 1.6% potassium chloride and 2% calcium chloride was the ideal reduction.

They had a higher reduction when they added only calcium chloride, getting acceptable rates with a combination of 78% sodium chloride and 22% calcium chloride.

“This combination of the two salts did not significantly differ compared to 100% sodium chloride but when we added potassium chloride, consumer acceptance decreased,” claimed Ross.

While humans need salt, Americans consume significantly more than is necessary or even healthy. According to the US Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, the recommended maximum amount of salt consumed per day is less than 2,300mg. The average American adult female consumes 2,980mg per day, while males average over 4,000mg per day.

Recent findings have suggested that gradual reductions in salt over years is the best way to reduce salt consumption. Using one of the new blends for a time frame could lead to greater reductions down the road.

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